Brighton is a coastal town in East Sussex County. It is a part of the town of Brighton and Hove, which was formed in 2001 from the formerly separate towns of Brighton and Hove. Brighton is situated 47 miles (76 km) south of London on the south coast of England. Archaeological evidence of the area's settlement dates back to the Bronze Age, Roman and Anglo-Saxon periods. The Domesday Book (1086) documented the ancient settlement of "Brighthelmstone".
The University of Sussex, established in 1961 is a campus science-focused university between Stanmer Park and Falmer, four miles (6 km) from the city centre. The university is house to the reputed Institute for Development Studies and the Science Policy Research Unit, among over 40 other existing research centres, and the World University Ranking ranks 1st in the world for development studies. The University of Brighton, the former Brighton Polytechnic, has 20,017 students, 80 % of are undergraduates.